THE SAINT ALEXANDER NEVSKY "LAVRA"

This one of the city's oldest architectural complexes is located at the end of the Nevskiy Prospekt. The Alexander Nevsky Monastery was founded in 1710 by order of Peter I on the site believed to be that of the 1240 Battle of the Neva, when the Prince of Novgorod Alexander Nevsky ("Nevsky" means "of the Neva") defeated the Swedes. Peter I named the monastery thus in honor of the canonization of the prince, patriot, and military leader. The status of Lavra, a term indicating a highly-regarded monastery accorded various privileges, was conferred in 1797 by Czar Paul I.